How to Stain Wooden Floors
Need wood staining advice for your home improvement project? It’s easy to beautify your home and protect your wood by staining your wooden floors. For stress-free staining, follow these step-by-step instructions to do the job right the first time.
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Choose the Right Stain
Olympic interior stains come in three formulations — Oil-based, Water-based and Gel. Durability, color, drying time, odor and clean-up vary, depending on the one you choose.
For clear wood protection, we provide 3 choices — Polyurethane, Ultra-Clear Polyurethane and SPAR Urethane.
Learn the differences so you can decide which one is right for your project.
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Prep Your Surface
Examine the floor:
Fill holes and cracks with a stainable wood filler.
Use painter’s tape to protect woodwork from the stain.
- Sand all surfaces in the direction of the wood grain.**
For basic prep use 80 grit-100 grit sandpaper.
For scratches, dents, or rough edges use 100 grit-120 grit sandpaper.
For any leftover scratches or loose wood fibers use 220 grit sandpaper.
Vacuum to remove dust.
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**WARNING! If you scrape, sand, or remove old paint, you may release lead dust or fumes. LEAD IS TOXIC. EXPOSURE TO LEAD DUST OR FUMES CAN CAUSE SERIOUS ILLNESS, SUCH AS BRAIN DAMAGE, ESPECIALLY IN CHILDREN. PREGNANT WOMEN SHOULD ALSO AVOID EXPOSURE. Wear a properly fitted NIOSH-approved respirator and prevent skin contact to control lead exposure. Clean up carefully with a HEPA vacuum and a wet mop. Before you start, find out how to protect yourself and your family by contacting the USEPA National Lead Information Hotline at 1-800-424-LEAD or log on to www.epa.gov/lead.
Stain Your Floor
Before staining, test in an inconspicuous spot and let it dry, to ensure you get the wood stain color you expected.
First, cut in from the edges of the wall and doorways with a small brush
Apply stain by rubbing or brushing in the direction of the wood grain
Allow the stain to absorb into the wood (reference the product label)
Remove any unabsorbed stain with a dry cloth
Always wipe in the direction of the wood grain!
Protect Your Surface
Do not dip into the can, so as to avoid contaminating the wood surface with dust.
Tap the brush against the container; wiping will leave the brush too dry.
Always apply stain in the direction of the grain.
Apply quick and thin coats.
Too much brushing or wiping could cause problems when dry.
Sand between coats using a 220 grit sandpaper to ensure good adhesion and smooth away imperfections.
Wipe away the dust using a damp cloth.
Interior Wood Stain Colors
From cabinets to floors, we have the stain you need
Be inspired by Olympic's wide variety of interior wood stain colors when choosing a stain for your next project.